RailYatri Annual Report for 2017

Train Delay Report: A data centric approach to delays

Train delays in India are no longer funny! The track record below shows an average 20% increase in delays in the last 2 years and the numbers are only increasing. This RailYatri report brings forth a data centric approach to slice and dice the performance of trains across India and perhaps a first step towards finding a solution.

  1. What is RailYatri “National Train Delay Index”?

RailYatri’s National Train Delay Index is the cumulative national average of delays in arrival of train at a station on its route. It is important to point out here that we have considered all the stations across country to calculate this index. This is different from the practice which Railways across the world wherein only the delay at the last station is considered to calculate the delay index. We believe that considering all the stations makes it more ‘consumer’ centric.

  1. How do we collect the data?

The data based on ‘crowd-sourcing’ is collected by the travellers reporting through their mobile devices.

  1. How frequently does RailYatri calculate “National Train Delay Index”?

While internally we keep track of train delays on an on-going basis, we publish the comprehensive delay report at the end of the year. As an example – the report below is for the past entire year 2017.

  1. How accurate is the data used to calculate the delay index?

Once accumulated through crowd-sourcing, the data goes through rigorous cleansing algorithms which separates the ‘good data’ from the ‘bad data’. Based on the rigor which has gone into building these algorithms, today after 4 years of continuing to publish this report, we remain very confident of the data which we have.

To get the correct picture of the delay index, we have used the data only between January 15 to December 15 (11 months). The severe train delays during the period of December 15 – January 15 due to fog in the northern India tends to skew the year-wide delay index. So we publish the delay data during this fog month separately from the remaining 11 months.

  1. Why publish “National Train Delay Index”?

Something which regularly affects the lives of the citizens of the country have an index to easily figure out if that particular ‘thing’ is on the rise, holding steady or reducing (which could be good or bad based on what is being measured). For example there are already indexes to measure happiness, pollution, crime, etc. Needless to say train delays, which is a very common problem associated with trains in India, adversely affects travellers like us. So it was important to start calibrating the severity of delays and then keep track of it over the years. It was equally important to look at this data by slicing and dicing it through various dimensions to see the impact of it. With this background, RailYatri has been crunching the delay data and publishing the findings over the last few years.

 

RailYatri Train Delay Report for 2017

 

  1. RailYatri’s National Train Delay Index for 2017 stands at 53 mins


Year

RailYatri’s National Train Delay Index (in minutes)

2015

44

2016

45

2017

53


Notes -

  • Train delays in 2017 have seen a substantial increase of 20% over the last two years (2015 and 2016)

  • Delay index has been calculated based on the data between January 15 till December 15 of the respective year.

  • Total number of trains considered =

    • Year 2015: 2588 trains

    • Year 2016: 2586 trains

    • Year 2017: 2735 trains

  • Total number of stations considered =

    • Year 2015: 3050 stations

    • Year 2016: 3050 stations

    • Year 2017: 3050 stations

  1. Nationwide: Top 10 stations with least and worst train delays of 2017

Top 10 stations with least delays in 2017

No

Station Code

Station

State

Number of trains tracked

Train Delay Index (minutes)

1

MS

CHENNAI EGMORE

Tamil Nadu

84

8

2

MRJ

MIRAJ

Maharashtra

56

10

3

VM

VILLUPURAM

Tamil Nadu

95

14

4

TPJ

TIRUCHIRRAPPALLI

Tamil Nadu

85

15

5

UBL

HUBLI

Karnataka

70

15

6

MAS

CHENNAI CENTRAL

Tamil Nadu

173

17

7

BSR

VASAI ROAD

Maharashtra

95

17

8

INDB

INDORE JN

Madhya Pradesh

64

17

9

BVI

BORIVALI

Maharashtra

116

18

10

TBM

TAMBARAM

Tamil Nadu

62

18

 

Top 10 stations with worst delays in 2017

No

Station Code

Station

State

Number of trains tracked

Train Delay Index (minutes)

1

TDL

TUNDLA

Uttar Pradesh

107

181

2

ALJN

ALIGARH JN

Uttar Pradesh

73

180

3

BXR

BUXAR

Bihar

90

172

4

ANVT

DELHI ANAND VIHAR

Delhi

69

171

5

ARA

ARA

Bihar

88

165

6

BST

BASTI

Uttar Pradesh

96

157

7

ETW

ETAWAH

Uttar Pradesh

63

155

8

SV

SIWAN JN

Bihar

68

151

9

SLN

SULTANPUR

Uttar Pradesh

56

147

10

MFP

MUZAFFARPUR

Bihar

118

147

 

Notes -

  • Stations having stops of more than 50 unique trains per week have been considered for the top 10 lists.

  • It is important to note here that the National Train Delay Index for 2017 stands at 53 mins.

  • Stations from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar come in the top 25 stations with the maximum delays. PHAGWARA JN (PGW) from Punjab is the first station from the third state which comes at 38th number with worst delays.

  1. State-wise Train Delay Index. Bihar continues to have the highest delays. Gujarat has the lowest.

 

State

Station Count

Train Delay Index (mins)

Three Year Delay % Increase

2017

2016

2015

1

Bihar

256

104

93

80

30%

2

Uttar Pradesh

445

95

87

72

32%

3

Punjab

106

67

68

64

5%

4

Goa

9

64

54

54

19%

5

Assam

111

62

47

46

35%

6

Jharkhand

106

44

47

21%

7

Delhi

27

55

56

52

6%

8

Haryana

63

55

53

50

10%

9

Madhya Pradesh

213

50

47

48

4%

10

West Bengal

172

47

36

37

27%

11

Uttarakhand

25

46

42

32

44%

12

Chhattisgarh

59

44

35

31

42%

13

Rajasthan

195

44

34

30

47%

14

Telangana

93

43

34

46

(-7%)

15

Orissa

129

40

29

31

29%

16

Andhra Pradesh

160

39

29

34

15%

17

Kerala

91

37

31

25

48%

18

Maharashtra

228

36

28

29

24%

19

Karnataka

137

31

24

23

35%

20

Tamil Nadu

170

25

19

19

32%

21

Gujarat

149

24

18

21

14%

22

Himachal Pradesh

3

15

11

6

150%

 

Notes -

  • Bihar continues to the state where travellers continue to face the maximum delays. At the current rate of increase, it is well possible that the average delay at its stations may cross 2 hrs in few years.

  • Three states – Uttarakhand, Bihar and Kerala – are showing a double digit percentage increase in train delays consecutively over the last two years.

  • In terms of increase of delays spread over three years – the two worst performing states are Rajasthan and Kerala. (nearly 47% increase in 3 years)

  • While its average delay index is still among the top three, Punjab has shown the lowest rate of increase in train delays over the last three years. (only 5% increase in 3 years)

    • Similarly, state of Delhi has shown the second lowest rate of increase in train delays (6% in 3 years)

  • In terms of percentage increase in train delays in 2017 – the state of Orissa and Gujarat saw the maximum increase (nearly 28%). However, considering the low average delays in Gujarat, this impact of increase is minimal.

  • In terms of percentage decrease in train delays in 2017 – the state of Punjab and Delhi showed a decrease in delays (by nearly 1.5%).

  • To summarize –

    • Top 5 states with maximum train delays in 2017: Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Goa, and Assam

    • Top 5 states with least train delays in 2017: Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Kerala

  1. Nation-wide: How have major stations performed over 3 years

No

Station

State

Number of trains tracked

Train Delay Index (mins)

3-yr Change

2015

2016

2017

 

1

CHENNAI CENTRAL (MAS)

Tamil Nadu

173

14

11

15

+7%

2

NEW DELHI (NDLS)

Delhi

238

54

55

54

0%

3

HOWRAH (HWH)

West Bengal

228

28

29

43

+54%

4

MUMBAI C SHIVAJI TERM (CSTM)

Maharashtra

94

20

16

27

+35%

5

KANPUR CENT (CNB)

Uttar Pradesh

319

95

110

113

+19%

6

BHOPAL (BPL)

Madhya Pradesh

226

52

51

60

+15%

7

PATNA (PNBE)

Bihar

168

84

86

91

+8%

8

JAIPUR (JP)

Rajasthan

162

26

32

42

+62%

9

AHMEDABAD (ADI)

Gujarat

252

15

11

18

+20%

10

SECUNDERABAD (SC)

Telangana

154

60

21

57

(-5%)

11

NAGPUR (NGP)

Maharashtra

232

30

30

38

+27%

12

ALLAHABAD (ALD)

Uttar Pradesh

206

110

115

117

+6%

13

GUWAHATI (GHY)

Assam

100

46

54

71

+54%

14

BENGALURU CENT (SBC)

Karnataka

116

11

16

20

+82%

15

BHUBANESWAR (BBS)

Orissa

204

39

32

40

+3%

 

Notes -

  • It is important to note here that the National Train Delay Index for 2017 stands at 53 mins.

  1. Nation-wide: Top 10 stations where significant improvement has been seen in delay reductions over 3 years

No

Station

State

Number of trains tracked

Train Delay Index (mins)

3-yr improvements

2015

2016

2017

1

HAPA (HAPA)

Gujarat

53

78

18

30

62%

2

CHANDIGARH (CDG)

Chandigarh

64

52

20

24

54%

3

INDORE (INDB)

Madhya Pradesh

64

21

12

16

23%

4

DAHOD (DHD)

Gujarat

74

47

37

37

21%

5

VRIDHACHALAM (VRI)

Tamil Nadu

50

28

23

23

20%

6

H NIZAMUDDIN (NZM)

Delhi

183

46

45

37

19%

7

ANAKAPALLE (AKP)

Andhra Pradesh

51

35

23

29

18%

8

SIRPUR KAGAHZNAGAR (SKZR)

Telangana

89

66

60

55

18%

9

RATLAM (RTM)

Madhya Pradesh

134

35

28

29

16%

10

PURI (PURI)

Orissa

78

37

26

32

14%

 

Notes -

  • Stations having stops of more than 50 unique trains per week have been considered.

  • Though Gujarat has shown an average improvement of 62%, the delays have increased in 2017 as compared to 2016.

  1. Nation-wide: Top 10 stations where delays have significantly increased over 3 years

No

Station

State

Number of trains tracked

Train Delay Index (mins)

3-yr Increase

2015

2016

2017

 

1

HUBLI (UBL)

Karnataka

70

3

6

13

294%

2

REWARI (RE)

Haryana

72

9

19

30

237%

3

SHORANUR (SRR)

Kerala

113

9

18

28

209%

4

KANNUR (CAN)

Kerala

94

13

23

35

171%

5

PALAKKAD (PGT)

Kerala

105

11

20

27

143%

6

KOZHIKODE (CLT)

Kerala

98

15

24

34

134%

7

GORAKHPUR JN (GKP)

Uttar Pradesh

166

50

75

105

111%

8

RAMPUR HAT (RPH)

West Bengal

87

17

16

35

107%

9

KHALILABAD (KLD)

Uttar Pradesh

60

61

88

126

106%

10

BASTI (BST)

Uttar Pradesh

96

72

107

148

106%

 

Notes -

  • Stations having stops of more than 50 unique trains per week have been considered.

  • Though the delay in stations like Hubli are comparatively low, the trend of increasing delay needs attention.

Train type wise graph
  1. Train Delays by type of the train

Year

No. of trains

Train Delay Index (mins)

On-time

Medium-late

Very-late

Express/Mail

2015

1222

38

52.3%

32.2%

15.4%

2016

1308

45

50.9%

32.9%

16.2%

2017

1333

56

42.3%

35.1%

22.6%

3-Year % Change

+47.6%

(-19.1%)

+9.0%

+46.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Superfast Trains

2015

862

47

53.1%

29.7%

17.2%

2016

900

50

52.9%

30.2%

16.9%

2017

914

60

43.3%

33.5%

23.2%

3-Year % Change

+27.6%

(-18.5%)

+12.8%

+34.9%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shatabdi

2015

47

11

82.7%

14.5%

2.8%

2016

49

12

81.5%

15.5%

3.0%

2017

49

16

75.2%

19.4%

5.4%

3-Year % Change

+45.5%

(-9.1%)

+33.8%

+92.9%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rajdhani

2015

46

24

69.4%

21.9%

8.7%

2016

46

29

66.2%

24.4%

9.4%

2017

46

32

58.7%

27.8%

13.5%

3-Year % Change

+33.3%

(-15.4%)

+26.9%

+55.2%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Duronto

2015

54

31

73.9%

12.0%

14.1%

2016

56

27

74.5%

14.5%

11.0%

2017

56

40

65.2%

19.8%

15.0%

3-Year % Change

+29.0%

(-11.8%)

+65.0%

+6.4%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garibrath

2015

50

45

57.6%

28.1%

14.3%

2016

50

46

55.3%

28.2%

16.5%

2017

50

55

48.2%

30.7%

21.1%

3-Year % Change

+22.2%

(-16.3%)

+9.3%

+47.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan Shatabdi

2015

37

15

69.7%

26.6%

3.7%

2016

37

18

67.9%

26.7%

5.4%

2017

37

25

57.3%

33.5%

9.1%

3-Year % Change

+66.7%

(-17.8%)

+25.9%

+145.9%

 

Notes -

  • The delays have been classified as follows –

    • On Time = Train delays of <= 15 mins

    • Medium Late = Train delays of 15 – 60 mins

    • Very late = Train delays of more than 60 mins

Nation Train Delay

 

Notes -

  • For the month of January only the delays of dates between 15 and 31 were considered. For the month of December, the dates between 1 and 15 were considered.

  • Delays are seen to increase starting from the month of October and lowers off post February.

  • With an exception of December, every month on 2016 saw a decrease in delays compared to the respective months of the previous year. In 2017 – the train delays were across the year. Every month in 2017 saw an increase of delays of nearly 15-20% over the respective months of 2016.

  • So, does delay increase during the rush period? Below were the dates on which the popular festivals fell in the last three years.

 

2015

2016

2017

Holi

March 6

March 24

March 13

Raksha Bandhan

August 29

August 18

August 7

Diwali

November 11

October 30

October 19

Chath

November 17

November 6

October 26

  • There has been an increase in delays of trains during (Puja – Diwali – Chhath) period over the last year. In 2017 the train delays during this period was the highest over the last three years (an increase of nearly 40% over 2016)

  1. Fog delays in 2017 has been the worst in the last three years.

Time Period

National Train Delay Index (minutes)

January 1 – 15, 2015

72

December 15 2015 – January 15 2016

47

December 15 2016 – January 15 2017

96

December 15 2017 – January 15 2018

87

 

Notes -

  • For the fog of 2014-15, the data between time-frame of Dec 15 – 31, 2014 was not available. So only 15 days data has been considered.

  1. State-wise: the stations with least and worst train delays of 2017

State

Station with least delay (2017)

Station with worst delay (2017)

Station

Number of trains tracked

Train Delay Index (mins)

Station

Number of trains tracked

Train Delay Index (mins)

Andhra Pradesh

DUVVADA (DVD)

73

23

ADONI (AD)

56

60

Assam

KAMAKHYA (KYQ)

100

64

KOKRAJHAR (KOJ)

65

97

Bihar

RAJENDRANAGAR PATNA (RJPB)

67

73

BUXAR (BXR)

90

163

Chhattisgarh

DURG (DURG)

120

30

BHATAPARA (BYT)

70

43

Delhi

DELHI CANTT (DEC)

69

35

ANAND VIHAR (ANVT)

69

156

Gujarat

SURAT (ST)

263

18

MAHESANA (MSH)

90

42

Haryana

REWARI (RE)

72

30

YAMUNA NAGAR (YJUD)

52

99

Jharkhand

RANCHI (RNC)

68

26

KODERMA (KQR)

65

98

Karnataka

HUBLI JN (UBL)

70

13

KARWAR (KAWR)

52

70

Kerala

TRIVANDRUM CENT (TVC)

84

18

TIRUVALLA (TRVL)

57

48

Madhya Pradesh

INDORE (INDB)

64

16

HARDA (HD)

55

80

Maharashtra

MIRAJ (MRJ)

56

4

RATNAGIRI (RN)

74

66

Orissa

JHARSUGDA (JSG)

90

30

TITLAGARH (TIG)

55

52

Punjab

PATHANKOT CANTT (PTKC)

85

74

PHAGWARA JN (PGW)

81

106

Rajasthan

AJMER (AII)

115

33

BHARATPUR (BTE)

79

73

Tamil Nadu

CHENNAI EGMORE (MS)

84

6

VIRUDUNAGAR JN (VPT)

53

38

Telangana

KACHEGUDA (KCG)

51

27

RAMGUNDAM (RDM)

76

64

Uttar Pradesh

MANIKPUR (MKP)

70

51

ALIGARH JN (ALJN)

73

166

Uttarakhand

HARIDWAR (HD)

66

42

LAKSAR JN (LRJ)

68

101

West Bengal

SANTRAGACHI (SRC)

76

27

KISHANGANJ (KNE)

125

105

 

Notes -

  • Stations having stops of more than 50 unique trains per week have been considered.

  • It is important to note here that the National Train Delay Index for 2017 stands at 53 mins.

  • In the following three states – even the station with lowest delay is higher than the National Train Delay Index – Assam, Bihar, and Punjab.

  • There are only three states where all the station delays fall below the National Train Delay Index are: Gujarat, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu

  1. Nation-wide: Trains with maximum delays in 2017

No

Train Number

Train Name

2017

2016

Train Delay Index

2015 Train Delay Index

Train Delay Index

On-time

Medium Late

Very Late

 

 

1

12598

Mumbai CST – Gorakhpur Jansadharan Exp

1059 mins

0

0

100%

287 mins

212 mins

2

22405

Bhagalpur – Anand Vihar Garib Rath

662 mins

3%

5%

92%

497 mins

414 mins

3

13282

Rajendra Nagar Patna – New Tinsukia Weekly Exp

613 mins

2%

4%

94%

341 mins

185 mins

4

12597

Gorakhpur - Mumbai CST Jansadharan Exp

607 mins

6%

7%

87%

119 mins

126 mins

5

15654

Jammutawi – Guwahati Amarnath Exp

601 mins

1%

2%

97%

303 mins

190 mins

6

12524

New Delhi – New Jalpaiguri Superfast

597 mins

1%

1%

99%

291 mins

141 mins

7

12562

New Delhi – Jaynagar Swantra Sainani Superfast

597 mins

2%

1%

96%

393 mins

265 mins

8

15602

New Delhi – Silchar Poorvotar Sampark Kranti

587 mins

2%

1%

97%

534 mins

-

9

13238

Kota – Patna Express

554 mins

1%

3%

96%

219 mins

135 mins

10

22406

Anand Vihar – Bhagalpur Garib Rath

542 mins

4%

8%

88%

463 mins

354 mins

 

Notes -

  • The delays have been classified as follows –

    • On Time = Train delays of <= 15 mins

    • Medium Late = Train delays of 15 – 60 mins

    • Very late = Train delays of more than 60 mins

  1. 2017: Top 5 Rajdhani trains with maximum delays.

No

Train Number

Train Name

2017

2016

Train Delay Index

2015 Train Delay Index

Train Delay Index

On-time

Medium Late

Very Late

 

 

1

22824

New Delhi – Bhubaneswar Rajdhani

114 mins

39%

28%

33%

76

mins

63

mins

2

22812

New Delhi – Bhubaneswar Rajdhani (Via Adra)

108 mins

39%

31%

29%

108 mins

52

mins

3

12306

New Delhi – Howrah Rajdhani (Via Patna)

74 mins

49%

29%

21%

58

mins

21

mins

4

12424

New Delhi – Dibrugarh Town Rajdhani

70 mins

28%

29%

43%

60

mins

44

mins

5

12314

New Delhi – Sealdah Rajdhani

67 mins

50%

25%

26%

72

mins

52

mins

  1. 2017: Top 5 Duronto trains with maximum delays.

 

No

Train Number

Train Name

2017

2016

Train Delay Index

2015 Train Delay Index

Train Delay Index

On-time

Medium Late

Very Late

 

 

1

12282

New Delhi – Bhubaneswar Duronto

344 mins

2%

2%

96%

229

mins

202

mins

2

12274

New Delhi – Howrah Duronto

266 mins

7%

4%

90%

108 mins

52

mins

3

12260

New Delhi – Sealdah AC Duronto

175 mins

14%

6%

79%

58

mins

21

mins

4

12270

H Nizamuddin – Chennai Cent Duronto

155 mins

27%

24%

49%

126

mins

28

mins

5

12281

Bhubaneswar – New Delhi Duronto

95 mins

27%

28%

44%

72

mins

116

mins

Top Route
  1. Delay Index by routes between popular cities

City Pair

A B

Delay Index for UP Trains (A B)

(mins)

Delay Index for DOWN Trains (B A) (mins)

2015

2016

2017

3-yr change

2015

2016

2017

3-yr change

Delhi

Guwahati

298

292

443

+48.7%

313

335

386

+23.3%

Delhi

Kolkata

152

125

216

+42.1%

200

193

232

+16.0%

Delhi

Mumbai

29

15

26

(-10.3%)

48

40

51

+6.25%

Mumbai Amritsar

59

41

74

+25.4%

40

43

69

+72.5%

Chennai Kolkata

42

23

31

(-26.2%)

43

17

35

(-18.6%)

Kolkata Guwahati

27

29

91

+237.0%

28

27

80

+185.7%

Bengaluru Kolkata

39

34

55

+41.0%

30

34

68

+126.7%

Mumbai Bengaluru

35

40

79

+125.7%

21

15

38

+81%

Mumbai Kolkata

25

28

60

+140%

30

27

45

+50%

Delhi

Patna

209

177

260

+24.4%

130

83

134

+3.1%

Mumbai

Patna

115

70

80

(-30.4%)

44

34

70

+59.1%

Chennai Mumbai

27

17

35

+29.6%

12

4

15

+25.0%

Delhi

Bikaner

7

9

17

+142.9%

30

18

20

(-33.3%)

Delhi

Jammu- tawi

29

24

36

+24.13%

40

50

35

(-12.5%)

Delhi

Kanpur

105

105

143

+36.2%

31

50

46

+48.4%

Mumbai Hyderabad

62

41

61

(-1.6%)

23

26

27

(+17.4%)

Kolkata

Patna

50

61

93

+86%

69

38

58

(-15.9%)

Mumbai Varanasi

66

48

58

(-12.1%)

57

38

81

+42.1%

  1. Next time you sit in the train, remember - longer the train route distance, more are the delays!

Train Distance Category

Trains Count

National Train Delay Index - 2017

On time (%)

Medium Late (%)

Very Late (%)

100-500 kms

731

27

57.6

32.2

10.3

501-1000 kms

691

43

43.8

37.9

18.3

1001 -2000 kms

796

83

36.7

31.9

31.4

> 2000 kms

351

73

36.7

32.3

30.9

 

Notes -

  • The delays have been classified as follows –

    • On Time = Train delays of <= 15 mins

    • Medium Late = Train delays of 15 – 60 mins

    • Very late = Train delays of more than 60 mins

  • Nearly half of the long-distance trains in India run 1000 kms and higher. Only one-third of them arrive at the station on-time. However, for the trains which runs less than 1000 kms, the percentage of trains arriving on -time increases to nearly 50%.

  • The chances of train running late by more than 60 mins nearly doubles when the running distance of the train (from start station to end) is more than 1000 kms.

  1. Is train delay a function of number of trains at a station?

Unique Trains/week

Nationwide Station Count

Train Delay Index (minutes)

3 Year Change

2017

2016

2015

0 - 20

2175

47

42

40

+17.5%

21 - 50

446

57

49

45

+26.7%

51 - 200

313

58

49

45

+29.2%

200 - 500

19

61

53

51

+19.6%

  1. Is train delay a function of being a junction station?

Station Type

Nationwide Station Count

Train Delay Index (minutes)

Three-year change

2017

2016

2015

 

Junction

310

56

48

44

+27.3%

Non-Junction

2659

49

44

41

+19.5%